Optimise | The Microbiome & Gut-Brain Axis

Micronutrient rich healthy foodOptimise | Welcome to the first instalment of the 'Optimise' series where we aim to provide you with zero fluff, digestible, actionable information to help you achieve a state of optimal performance.

We know you're short on time, so we'll cut to the chase. Your body is a complex biosphere, which has developed over millennia to the point where you as a Human are now co-dependent on bacteria and microorganisms to function in a very sophisticated symbiosis. Say hello to your 'Microbiome'.

Microbiome

If you compared two Humans, they would share 99% of the same DNA, but only 5% of their microbial DNA. This means your microbiome has its own unique fingerprint, which can alter over time. Research is showing that these microbes have a knock-on effect and function somewhat like an engine for the rest of your body. Conditions associated with a disruption of your microbiota is now being referred to as "Dysbiosis" and here's what we know so far.

Your microbiome is affected by the environment, which is why having pets, siblings and spending time in nature increases the diversity of your microbiome. The highest concentration of microbiotas is found in the colon, where they help the body digest and extract micronutrients. Which is why it's no surprise that the foods you intake, directly influence the population of microbes living in your gut along with other factors such as sleep, and exercise.

Allowing a certain strain of bacteria to get out of check, is the perfect recipe for a cascade effect which triggers your gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) and dysregulation of your immune system, leading to infection and inflammation. Alarm bells should be ringing if you've ever been prescribed a course of oral antibiotics, as some scientists are liking the ingestion of antibiotics to "carpet bombing" the gut. 

Below is a list of conditions for which a gut microbiota dysbiosis has been noted. In some cases, gut microbiota may have a role in causing the disease.

  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Asthma
  • Crohns Disease
  • Allergy
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes 
  • Cardiovascular disease 
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease 
  • Obesity
  • Alcoholic liver disease 
  • Depression
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Celiac disease
  • Hepatic encephalopathy
  • Parkinson’s disease Cirrhosis
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Severe acute malnutrition
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
The Gut-Brain Axis
We've known for some time that there is some intuitive connection between our guts and brains. Have you ever had 'Butterflies' in your stomach, or been told to 'go with your gut'? That's your gut and brain sending messages back and forth. Studies have shown that probiotics induced region dependent changes in the brain that process emotions and sensations. Meaning, through modulating our gut microbiome and specific microbial genes that regulate neurotransmitter activity, we can essentially manage our own psychology through our gut.

This is cutting-edge science folks, and our understanding has barely scratched the surface. It's only 2018, and as more data is collected, you can almost guarantee we're going to see some breakthroughs in how we treat illness and disease across the spectrum, using this technology.
Viome
Viome is a cutting-edge wellness company, providing groundbreaking individual analysis of your gut microbiome.

Along with your microbiome data they collect from a sample you provide, they will also consider your genetics, personal health history, individual nutrient, vitamin, and minerals needs to provide you with a lifestyle plan with unparalleled personal optimisation.

If you care about your performance, we couldn't think of a better place to start than with a gut intelligence test. The cascade effect which can occur through fixing your engine should not be taken lightly. If you want to learn more about the information discussed and grab yourself a gut intelligence test, head over to Viome.

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